HDR 10 vs HDR 400: Which is Right For You?

HDR, or High Dynamic Range, is a technology that allows for a wider range of colors and greater contrast in video and images. This can result in a more realistic and vibrant viewing experience.

In this blog post, we will be comparing two types of HDR – HDR 10 and HDR 400. We will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each, as well as their compatibility and availability. Ultimately, we will help you decide which type of HDR is right for you.


Jump To

  1. What is HDR?
  2. HDR 10 vs HDR 400
  3. Which is Best?

What is HDR? The Definition

High dynamic range (HDR) is a term used in photography and videography to refer to a technique that allows a wider range of luminance levels in an image. This allows for more vibrant and realistic-looking photos and videos by capturing more detail in the highlights and shadows.

In other words, HDR allows for a greater range of contrast in an image, resulting in a more realistic representation of the scene being photographed.

For example, when taking a picture of a landscape with a bright sky and a dark forest, an HDR image would be able to capture the detail in both the sky and the forest, whereas a regular non-HDR image might wash out the sky or make the forest too dark. This can make images appear more striking and impressive.


HDR 10 vs HDR 400: Head to Head

FeaturesHDR 400HDR 10
Maximum Brightness400-nits1000-nits
Color Depth8-bit10-bit
Color GamutsRGBWCG
Dimming TechnologyYesYes
Maximum Contrast5,000:120,000:1
WCG stands for Wide Color Gamut

The HDR 10 and HDR 400 are both High Dynamic Range technologies for enhancing the photo and video quality displayed on the screen. Well, there are huge differences between them and in this post, you will find which HDR is right for you.

Starting with the HDR 400, its full name is VESA DisplayHDR 400, a technology for HDR developed by VESA (Video Electronics Standards Association). Whereas, HDR 10 is a technology developed by Consumer Technology Association for High Dynamic Range content making and display.

Both the HDRs have their advantages as well as drawbacks, the HDR 400 is entry-level HDR, whereas HDR 10 is a proper full-fledged HDR technology for professional use and gaming.

The HDR 400 has basic features and it highly suits home-office use, but the HDR 10 is a capable HDR technology that highly suits video creators and cinema production.

Maximum Brightness

The HDR 400 supports only 400-nits peak brightness which is basic and not that noticeable when it comes to viewing experience. It is for those who need a slightly enhanced picture quality on their SDR monitors for home-office use.

Whereas the HDR 10 supports whopping 1000-nits maximum brightness bringing the image to life, resulting in superior image quality than VESA’s DisplayHDR 400.

Color Performance

As mentioned in the table above, the DisplayHDR 400 supports 8-bit color depth which should provide you good color performance, but if you want the best color accuracy, then HDR 10 is better because it supports 10-bit color which means it can display 1024 shades of RGB color (Red, Green, Blue).

Moreover, the VESA DisplayHDR 400 works on sRGB color gamut which is standard for SDR displays which should provide you satisfactory viewing experience for most tasks. However, the HDR 10 is way more ahead because it supports WCG (Wide Color Gamut), so you get to see boost in HDR performance, making it ideal for professional use.

Contrast & Dimming

As far as contrasts and dimming are concerned, the VESA Display HDR 400 and HDR 10 both the technologies support screen dimming, but the HDR 10 offers better contrast ratio of maximum 20,000:1 at 1,000-nits brightness, and whopping 1,080,000:1 at 500-nits which is excellent for viewing in the dark.

Whereas the VESA Display HDR 400 has only 5000:1 maximum contrast ratio which is average. For viewing in the dark, the HDR 10 is much better because you will encounter deep blacks, resulting in best color and viewing accuracy.


HDR 10 vs HDR 400: Which is Best For You?

The choice between HDR 10 and VESA DisplayHDR 400 ultimately depends on your specific needs and preferences. If you are primarily interested in transmitting and viewing high-quality HDR video content, then HDR 10 may be the better choice for you.

However, if you are more interested in ensuring that your display is capable of displaying high-quality HDR content, then VESA DisplayHDR 400 may be the better choice.

One key difference between the two standards is compatibility with displays. HDR 10 is a standard for transmitting HDR video, so the compatibility of a given display with HDR 10 content will depend on the display itself.

On the other hand, VESA DisplayHDR 400 is a standard for displays, so a display that meets the VESA DisplayHDR 400 standard will be capable of displaying high-quality HDR content.

Both standards allow for good colors and contrasts, resulting in more lifelike and detailed images. However, HDR 10 offers slightly better performance in this regard, as it is specifically designed for displays and has stricter requirements for color and contrast performance.

If you are a basic user

If you are a basic user who does a lot of text-reading, documents handling, web-browsing, casual gaming, and media consumption, then VESA DisplayHDR 400 is a better choice for you. It will provide you the needed HDR taste in all the things that you do, but do not expect too much since it is a basic certification for HDR.

If you are a video editor or digital artist

If you are a professional video editor who edits a lot of high quality of videos, then I highly recommend that you get a display with HDR 10 certification because it is gonna give you the needed High Dynamic Range on the display to produce the best content for your clients.

Digital artists like graphic designer or VFX artists should also get a HDR 10 display because you will be dealing with a lot of colors in your everyday work, and HDR 10 supports Wide Color Gamut, resulting in better color accuracy than VESA’s DisplayHDR 400.

If you are a gamer

If you are a gamer with a good amount of money to spend and need high quality gaming experience, then getting a monitor with HDR 10 is worth. It will come expensive, but the experience is going to be worth it because of the wide color gamut coverage, high peak brightness and excellent contrast ratio that will display deep blacks in the dark.

In simple words, both the HDR technologies are ideal for their own purposes. If you are basic gamer, then DisplayHDR 400 would do the job without letting you spend more, whereas if you are an enthusiast or expert, then HDR 10 is a much better choice for gaming.

Other comparison guides:

  1. 144Hz vs 4K Monitors
  2. 144Hz vs 165Hz Refresh Rate
  3. HDMI 2.0 vs 2.1
  4. 27 vs 32-inch For 4K Monitor

That’s a Wrap!

We think now it will be easy for you to decide whether Display HDR 400 is better for you or the HDR 10. Both have their own specific features that make them better for one or the other.

The choice is now yours, one last thing is that the VESA’s DisplayHDR 400 is too basic, if you have budget go for at least DisplayHDR 600 or 1000 for matching it with the HDR 10.

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